نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری برنامهریزی محیط زیست، پردیس بینالمللی ارس دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
2 استاد دانشکدۀ محیط زیست دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
3 استادیار دانشکدۀ محیط زیست دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
4 دانشیار سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، پژوهشکدة حفاظت خاک، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study is to identify, evaluate and introduce ecotourism-prone tourism areas in the "Abyaneh-Barzrood" catchment area due to its unique natural, cultural, historical and human potentials. Factors influencing the location of susceptible areas in this study include 9 environmental variables that after digitizing the baseline maps and preparing an AHP questionnaire from an expert on the relative importance of criteria and sub-criteria compared to each other. In this study, the criteria of road, river, vegetation and accommodation services had the greatest impact on choosing a suitable place for ecotourism, followed by the criteria of restaurant, spring, aqueduct and the area of the village, respectively. In GIS environment, using Expert Choice software based on the weights obtained from the mentioned model and its processing, a ranking map of fitness scores for ecotourism was prepared in 3 categories: weak, medium and good. This map was validated with 59 control locations in field visits. All potential tourist destinations are in a good range, which confirms the accuracy of this map. The most attractive areas of the basin, which covers about 25% of the basin area, with a good rank, are located in the central parts of the basin and along the transportation route between the villages of the region. Areas of medium attractiveness, which cover about 46% of the basin area, are mainly located in the southern part of the basin and within the environmental protected area. Low attractiveness areas with a spread rate of about 29% of the area are mainly in the northwest and southwest of the basin and are seen as spots in other areas of the basin.