عنوان مقاله [English]
Zagros forests in the southwest of Iran are considered as one of the most attractive areas that have attracted a large number of indigenous and non-native tourists annually. In recent years, residents of the northern area of Ilam province have been tenting in their nearby settlements in a special way in late March and mid-April, and spend all of Nowruz's holidays in the forest site, along with families and relatives. Their two or three-week residency will be accompanied by numerous actions and activities that will have an impact on the nature of the region. These implications directly or indirectly affect the surrounding neighborhoods. The purpose of the present research is to conceptual modeling the understanding of local residents as one of the most important challenges of the nearby areas of the nature accommodation sites in Nowruz natural tourism. In this regard, due to important components such as attractiveness, availability, crowded natural tourism and the annual repetition Nowruz camping in the forest site in Drawhar, the village of Zanjire Oliya was selected as the study area. This research uses qualitative method of ethnographic from 23 samples by purposeful sampling and continued to reach theoretical saturation. The results showed that respondents considered the most important challenges of the neighborhood with the site is continuation of the environmental crisis in the Zanjire Oliya Village, which is caused by environmental pollution, forest behavior change, health crisis, livestock economics crisis, visual changes in the forest site adjacent to the village.